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Taxonomy




ERNST HAECKEL: ART FORMS IN NATURE

Leuckart
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The first detailed evolutionary tree was published in 1866 in Haeckel's General Morphology of Organisms. Haeckel organized all creatures, including man, into families, genera, and species on the basis of progressive skeletonization. Rudolf Virchow applauded Haeckel's accomplishment: "anthropology has become part of zoology." However, Haeckel's arrangement of organisms on an ascending scale of development led to serious social and political misuse by Eugenicists and Nazis.

The most recent development in taxonomy is the Taxonomic Name Server (TNS), a cooperative venture of the Marine Biological Laboratory in conjunction with the international science library community. The aim of the project is to create a comprehensive, chronological catalogue of former and current names and classifications of organisms, living or extinct. The TNS acts as a form of historic memory and enables researchers to find information about an organism using any of its present or former taxonomic names. For the current exhibition, David Remsen has supplied the most up-to-date nomenclature for the specimens on Haeckel's plates. These terms have been added in brackets to the chat-cards. He has also designed a modern taxonomic chart for fuller identification of the items.



Curated by Ann Weissmann, Exhibitions Curator MBLWHOI Library





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Introduction
Biography
Plates
Taxonomy
Contacts
Virtual Tour